(13th Alabama Infantry), "With five volunteers he gallantly charged on a number of the enemy's sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.
The Winner of the Battle The Battle of Gettysburg was a crucial victory for the North. George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for decisively defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War. Despite Longstreet’s protests, Lee was determined, and the attack—later known as “Pickett’s Charge”—went forward around 3 p.m., after an artillery bombardment by some 150 Confederate guns. On July 3, Lee ordered an attack by fewer than 15,000 troops on the enemy’s center at Cemetery Ridge. One of the Confederate divisions in A.P. Click here for our podcast series Key Battles of the Civil War. Both armies suffered extremely heavy losses on July 2, with 9,000 or more casualties on each side.
The award criteria have been modified over time and thus the current criteria do not match those used for awards during the Civil War.
", "At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.
", "Led the second battalion of his regiment in a daring charge. The Union’s soldiers managed to repulse this charge with artillery and rifle fire, which caused many losses for the Confederate army. As the survivors stumbled back to their opening position, Lee and Longstreet scrambled to shore up their defensive line after the failed assault. That night, in heavy rain, the Confederate general withdrew his decimated army toward Virginia. Demoralized by the defeat at Gettysburg, Lee offered his resignation to President Jefferson Davis, but was refused. As the next day dawned, the Union Army had established strong positions from Culp’s Hill to Cemetery Ridge. ", "Voluntarily took an advanced position on the skirmish line for the purpose of ascertaining the location of Confederate sharpshooters, and under heavy fire held the position thus taken until the company of which he was a member went back to the main line.
Brimming with confidence, Lee decided to go on the offensive and invade the North for a second time (the first invasion had ended at Antietam the previous fall). ", "Refusing to evacuate to the rear despite his severe wounds, he directed the operation of his lone field piece continuing to fire in the face of the enemy. ", "Gallantry in the recapture of 4 guns and the capture of 2 additional guns from the enemy; also the capture of a number of prisoners.
The Union had won the Battle of Gettysburg.
", "Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the, "At great risk of his life went to the assistance of a wounded comrade, and while under fire removed him to a place of safety. Lee was forced to withdraw his battered army toward Virginia on July 4.
On July 1, the advancing Confederates clashed with the Union’s Army of the Potomac, commanded by General George G. Meade, at the crossroads town of Gettysburg.
But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Meade immediately ordered the pursuit of Lee’s army of 75,000, which by then had crossed the Potomac River into Maryland and marched on into southern Pennsylvania. On June 28, Lincoln named Major General George Gordon Meade to succeed Hooker.
A year later, at, "Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand-to-hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy."
His hopes of a victorious invasion of the North dashed, Lee waited for a Union counterattack on July 4, but it never came. General Meade's main army was almost untouched. ", "for capture of 2 flags" (34th North Carolina Infantry &, "Without orders, led a charge of his squadron upon the flank of the enemy, checked his attack, and cut off and dispersed the rear of his column. Who Won the Battle of Gettysburg? The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War and the largest one ever fought on American soil, involving around 75,000 Confederate soldiers and 85,000 soldiers on the Union’s side. Union casualties in the battle numbered 23,000, while the Confederates had lost some 28,000 men–more than a third of Lee’s army. Which side was the winner in the Battle of Gettysburg? ", "Gallantry in flanking the enemy and capturing a number of prisoners and in holding a part of the town against heavy odds while the Army was rallying on, "With five other volunteers gallantly charged on a number of the enemy's sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.
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